FALKLAND ISLANDS STAMPS

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The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, located 300 miles from the coast of Argentina, 671 miles west of South Georgia, and 584 miles north of the British Antarctic Territory. 

There are two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, as well as 776 smaller islands. Stanley, on East Falkland, is the capital. 

The Islands are a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom.

 

25th Anniversary of the Lighthouse Seafarer's Mission Due For Release 20th September 2022

The Lighthouse Seaman’s Centre as it was originally known was formed resultant of a Christian vision by Mike and Kirsten Hughes – Now living in New Zealand.

They both set sail from Grimsby in their twin mast vessel ‘King David’ arriving in Stanley Harbour they quickly recognized that for many Fishermen there was nowhere for them to go ashore.

They very soon started to invite the men onto King David for tea/coffee and Kirsten’s specialty ‘Danish Pastries’. (Kirsten hails from Denmark).

As things progressed two second hand portacabins were donated and land was provided, on the current site, for the portacabins to be placed and soon became the home of the Mission.

Refreshments were a key issue and Kirsten set up a café for the public, thus raising much needed funds to ensure the mission was able to maintain itself.

From the three churches in Stanley a Board of Trustees was formed which also included 2 lay members.

Over the years the Mission has seen many different couples managing it and it has, in many ways had something of a roller-coaster ride in terms of Managers and Finance.

 

 

In 2015 Betty Turner changed the Managing role into a Port Chaplain’s role – handing over the reins to Maurice and Debbie Lake. Who remain currently in post.

In 2016 in recognition of the increasing needs for seafarers to have ‘their own place’ ashore, it was decided to close the Café to the public.

Then in September 2017 the Lighthouse Seafarers Mission as it had become opened its doors on a 24/7 basis for Seafarers. A system which remains to this day.

The two original portacabins have undergone complete refurbishment and currently provides full board accommodation for seafarers recovering from sickness or injury. Mission staff are trained and provide Welfare, Spiritual and Practical care.

For many years we have received corporate sponsorship from the Falklands Fishing and Seafaring Industry together with annual subvention from Falkland Islands Government.

 

 

Over the last 25 years the Mission has had connections with a number of UK Seafaring Charities and is held in high regard.

Many of these charities have provided valuable funding to support and enhance the work of the Mission.

The Lighthouse Seafarers Mission could not be written about without mentioning ‘MARLON’ the Mission dog. Marlon (full UK Kennel Club name: Sir Marlon Stanley Fitzroy) the Miniature Schnauzer is a wonderful asset to the mission, always there to welcome seafarers and be a comfort to them when they are struggling with sickness or injury.

Text by Maurice S. Lake, Port Chaplain.

33p, 80p, £1.10, £1.45

 

Technical details:

Designer Bee Design

Photography 33p Penguin News

80p & £1.10 Jo Summers

£1.45 Ian France

Printer Cartor Security Printers

Process Lithography

Stamp Size 42 x 28mm

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Sheet Layout 10

Release date 20 September, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012423    25th Anniversary of the Lighthouse Seafarer's Mission   Mint SetST012424     25th Anniversary of the Lighthouse Seafarer's Mission  CTO SetST012425      25th Anniversary of the Lighthouse Seafarer's Mission   FDC

 

 

 Rural Heritage New Definitive Due For Release 10th October 2022

The rural history of the Falklands is wide ranging: bases used by early hunters of seals and penguins for extracting oil; lone graves of sailors from passing ships who died and were buried on Falkland shores, or of settlers who died as a result of accident or illness; wrecks of ships whose timbers still survive on reefs and rocky beaches; sites of habitation or industry; stone buildings and structures; signs of communication such as semaphores, letterboxes and lighthouses.

 

 

Cattle and pigs were put ashore by visiting ships in order to provide fresh meat for future visits. Once the islands were settled cattle hands and good horsemen (gauchos) were employed to undertake the various tasks involving wild, and later tamed, cattle. This included the building of stone and turf corrals and walls (which must have been back-breaking work undertaken with minimal tools) many of which are still visible today.

Sheep farming and the export of wool became a more lucrative trade and has continued ever since, but brought about a call for shepherds (mostly from the United Kingdom). Boundary riders were employed and lived in basic huts until wool began showing financial returns when fences were erected, and small houses were built on outlying areas of farms so that shepherds could live near their flocks. Settlements, the farm headquarters, were built in harbours with jetties to enable wool to be shipped out and supplies brought in. These settlements grew larger as more workers were required, and as more sheep were being carried on farms, so those farms prospered and were able to improve housing and amenities.

 

 

Life was not easy for farming populations as there were no roads, communications were basic, sea links were sometimes hazardous for sea craft of all sizes. These carried supplies, mail, doctors, itinerant school teachers and other passengers from offshore island farms to mainland settlements and back again. Some tragedies resulted. On land, horses, carts and other horse drawn equipment travelled on pre-defined tracks between settlements and shepherds’ houses. This too could be hazardous, crossing rivers, beaches and over mountains in sometimes inclement weather brought downfall to some.

As farming progressed so did communications with magneto telephones being installed, bridges built, and tracked and wheeled vehicles introduced, making life much easier. Radio Telephones (R/T) made a huge difference to communications, especially to those on islands who felt less isolated, as did the establishment of the air service using floatplanes which could land at settlements to transport passengers and deliver mail.

Beginning in the 1980s many of the larger farms were subdivided and sold in sections as single family units; thus life changed quite radically for many. Now a network of all-weather tracks connects farms and a ferry links East and West Falkland. Time and progress have marched on very quickly it seems and, as such, relics from rural life can sometimes be demolished, fall down, get ploughed under, built over, covered by vegetation or just forgotten altogether.

 

1p Rudd’s Pass, San Carlos River

In October 1864 John Rudd, the Falkland Islands Company's camp manager at Darwin, was riding through the river pass accompanied by a gaucho or cattle hand by the name of Gill (records show him as being ‘a half bred Indian’). As they were fording the river, Gill stabbed John Rudd who later died of his wounds. Gill fled and hid in shrubbery, but was discovered by men from the farm, taken to Darwin, thence to Stanley where he was hanged for the murder of John Rudd. Folklore tells of a card game in Stanley where Gill drew the ‘short straw’ as the person who would commit the murder, but there is no evidence to support this. John’s widow was left with six young children and was expecting a seventh.

 

2p The St Mary Whale Point, Island Harbour, Fitzroy Farm

The newly built ship ‘St Mary’ was damaged in 1891 after nearing Cape Horn, when an iron ship collided with her, resulting in her making for the Falklands and Stanley, for repairs. She struck the reef opposite Kelp Lagoon, where she lay a shattered wreck. The crew managed to make Fitzroy but the captain stayed aboard the ship. He was found the next day, lying dead in his berth. At the inquest the jury returned that his death was caused by ‘heart disease accelerated by worry and excitement’. A storm later split the wreck into two halves, one of which came ashore. Some of the valuable cargo, which included carpet, coffee, whiskey, paraffin and soap, was sold by auction. A portion of the ‘tween decks was taken back to Maine, USA and reconstructed in Maine State Museum, Augusta.

 

5p Hillside House, Riverside Farm

An early stone cottage in a ruined state near to the more modern (1940’s) wooden house. The location was chosen by the shepherd Jason Phillips and the cottage built by the Falkland Islands Company in 1868. It was later discovered that the cottage was built on the wrong side of the plot boundary and most likely on Fitzroy farmland.

 

10p Ferguson’s Lookout, New Island

The stone shelter on top of a hill overlooking New Island settlement was built by Bob Ferguson and his sister Effie during WWII as one of 16 coast watching stations set up in Camp. On a clear day it gives excellent views for miles in all directions. Monetary rewards were given for the sighting of foreign and/or enemy ships during WWII. As a lookout, it has the advantage of being enclosed and with a stone roof, enabling the person watching for approaching ships to remain relatively dry and warm.

 

54p Mission Station, Keppel Island structures

The Patagonian Missionary Society, established a settlement on Keppel Island in 1855, the aim being to bring Fuegian Indians to be "civilised" and educated and shown practical

farming skills so that, on their return to Patagonia, they could pass on those skills. Their hard work made the Island self-supporting in vegetables, beef, mutton and wool, the surplus produce being sold to Stanley and the wool exported. The need to bring parties of Indians to Keppel was reduced following the establishment of mission settlements in their homeland and so from 1898 the island was run as a farm only, until it was sold in 1911 to the Deans who continued with sheep farming.

 

77p Caravans, general farm constructions

Caravans were rather heavy, farm made huts on sleigh runners or, less commonly, on wheels. They could be towed around farms for fencing work or left in situ near, for example, peat bogs or lamb marking pens where farm workers were required to live on site for short periods. The caravans were normally timber framed, clad with flat iron and roofed with corrugated iron, and contained bunks and a small peat stove for cooking, heating and boiling water. A peat bin and meatsafe were often located on the outside end of the caravan. Quite a number can still be seen on farms today although the majority have been modernised.

 

80p Little Chartres Bridge, Little Chartres Farm

The Annual Colonial report of 1928 tells of a wooden bridge being built with a span of 120 feet across the Chartres River, near Little Chartres house, which runs into Chartres Creek. A ford, or pass, a little further downstream was not suitable at high tide for crossing with a flock of sheep, horse riders or later vehicles. The bridge was replaced with a new Bailey bridge after the road was upgraded between Port Howard and Fox Bay.

 

£1 The Bull’s House, Lafonia

A very small shelter, just large enough for one person, situated on the side of a valley. Folklore suggests this would have been used whilst waiting for cattle to cross the ditch in the valley below.

 

£2 Whaling Station, New Island

Christian Salvesen & Co of Leith, Scotland, operated the first, and last, shore-based whaling station in the Falklands from the south of New Island from 1908 until 1916, with three whaling vessels. There are many relics from the station still at the site, and graves of some Norwegians who were attached to the whaling station. Long rails run into the bay, upon which the very few whales were winched to the flensing or ‘cutting up’ area, then to the large vats to render the blubber into oil. The station closed due to the lack of whales and was transferred to the more lucrative whaling in South Georgia.

 

£2.05 Stone Corral, Kelp Harbour, Goose Green Farm

This corral is the most perfectly built one in the Islands, by Falkland Islands Company

stone mason James Smith who was paid £29.7.0. The stones are well cut and square, a perfect stone circle with a smaller circle attached. It is also possible ‘Nippy’ Steel another mason was involved. Nearby Egg Harbour was the home in the early days of an employee who looked after the farm breeding mares, as well as undertaking cattle work, both utilising the corral.

 

£3.60 Sheep Dip, Mount Rosalie, Port Howard Farm

Sheep dips are long troughs, some above ground, others set into the ground, where sheep were immersed in a liquid solution to kill skin parasites such as ked, scab and ticks. The animals were encouraged to plunge into the dip liquid and swim to the other end of the trough from where they would scramble up a ramp into pens. Sheep dipping ceased in the 1970s as the various parasites had been eradicated.

 

£5 Standing Man, Stanhope Hill, Weddell Island

Stone cairns (standing men) were built mostly on high ground as wayfinders for travellers riding from one shepherd’s house or farm settlement to another. They were also useful as a stop for shepherds waiting for a flock of sheep to be driven past, to join the drive. To pass the time, the shepherd would often put more stones on the cairn. In the 1950s standing men were built on high ground or mountains by surveyors mapping the Falklands. These were built carefully and symmetrically centred over the trig station mark. Some, such as this one on Stanhope Hill, included an X shaped canvas marker which was used for the aerial photographic survey.

 

 

With thanks to Joan Spruce and Nathalie Smith, Authors of Falklands Rural Heritage. Available from Hugh Osborne hughaosborne501@gmail.com

Local Rate Booklet £3.30

 

Technical details:

Designer Bee Design

Photography Joan & Terry Spruce and Natalie & Colin Smith

Printer bpost Security Printers

Process Lithography

Stamp Size 27.66 x 40.2mm

Booklet Stamps 31.66 x 40mm (10 Local Rate stamps)

Booklet Size 216 x 89mm (108 x 89mm folded)

Perforation 11½ per 2cms

Sheet Layout 20 (2 x 10)

Release date 10 October, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012415    Rural Heritage Definitive   Mint SetST012416    Rural Heritage Definitive   CTO SetST012417    Rural Heritage Definitive    FDC (3 envelope set)ST012418    Rural Heritage Local Rate Booklet   MintST012419    Rural Heritage Local Rate Booklet   CTO

 

  

Stanley – Jubilee City

Release Date 5th August 2022

 

On Friday 20 May 2022, it was confirmed that Stanley – capital of the Falkland Islands – had been granted official city status by Her Majesty The Queen, as part of the Platinum Jubilee celebrations. This followed a rigorous and detailed assessment process, presided over by an expert panel, which saw 39 applications put forward for this prestigious award, made all the more special given that 2022 celebrates the first British monarch to reach 70 years on the throne, as well as the 40th anniversary of the Falkland Islands War.

 

 

MLA Pete Biggs, Chair of the Legislative Assembly, said:

“We are utterly thrilled to have been chosen for this very rare award, which is granted by Queen Elizabeth II herself. The Falkland Islands is one of the most remote British Overseas Territories, but our distance only serves to strengthen the feelings of gratitude, love and respect, that we have for Her Majesty The Queen, as a vitally important and iconic figurehead for the UK and the Commonwealth.

“This celebration of her extraordinary reign comes at a time when we in the Falkland Islands are equally reflecting on an extraordinary time in our own history, as we remember the events of 74 days in 1982 when we were invaded. For our small community it was an unprecedented time, but I am delighted that, 40 years on from those dark days, we are being recognised in this way – I think it goes to show just how far we have come in that time. In the past four decades we have built a thriving, prosperous nation, which continually looks to the future while respecting our past.

 

 

“We are also especially delighted, as it is the first time that British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies have been allowed to apply for the title, which is why we jumped at the chance to take part. We have a very strong and long-standing relationship with the Royal family, whose visits have always been very well-received. Each time we have welcomed royalty to our shores, they have made a lasting impression on our home and in our hearts”.

33p, 80p, £1.13, £1.30

 

Technical details:

Designer Bee Design

Photography Christ Church Cathedral – Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

Secretariat Building – Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

Government House – David Cobb/Alamy

Stanley Houses - robertharding/Alamy

FDC Aerial View of Stanley - Sergio Pitamitz/Alamy

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Stamp Size 42 x 28mm

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Sheet Layout 10

Release date 5 August, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012412    Stanley - Jubilee City   Mint Set
ST012413    Stanley - Jubilee City   CTO Set
ST012414    Stanley - Jubilee City   FDC

 

 

40th Anniversary of Liberation - Looking Forward at Forty

 Release Date June 2022

 

2022 marks the 40th anniversary of the liberation of the Falkland Islands.

On 2 April 1982, Argentine forces invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands. Three days later, on 5 April, a UK task force set sail to recapture the Islands and restore freedom for the Islanders.

 

 

25,948 British Armed Forces personnel, alongside around 3,000 civilian crew from the Merchant Navy, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Chinese civilian crew, formed the task force, of whom 255 died during the campaign. In addition, three civilian Falkland Islanders also lost their lives during the war.

Following several weeks of intense fighting, Argentine forces surrendered on 14 June 1982, a date that has since been known in the Falkland Islands as ‘Liberation Day’ and is a national holiday.

Falkland Islanders can trace their ancestry in the Islands across almost 200 years, with some having family ties going as far back as nine generations. Throughout our long history we have welcomed people from over 60 different nations, individuals who have chosen to share our way of life, and to make the Falkland Islands their home. We are proud of our identity and heritage, but we also celebrate our diversity.

Today, the Falkland Islands is a forward-looking community, with a strong sense of culture and heritage. In 2022, a number of events are being held in both the Falkland Islands and the UK, to commemorate the sacrifices made in 1982, and also to celebrate the progress made in the Islands over the past 40 years.

We are calling this special commemorative year “Looking Forward at Forty”, making it a time to reflect on the achievements that have been made with our hard-won freedom, and to look forward to the next 40 years of life in the Falkland Islands.

In 2012, our liberation stamp issue focused on the Falkland’s community. On the 40th anniversary, our special stamp issue focuses on three important aspects of the Falklands’ economy, which have thrived, grown and been responsibly and sustainably developed since 1982.

The introduction of a fisheries conservation zone and fisheries management regime in 1986 transformed the economy of the Falkland Islands, securing self-sufficiency in all areas except defence and external affairs.

While the economic impact of the fishery has been transformational, the fundamental objective is the long-term sustainability of fishery resources for the benefit of future generations. This includes not only the commercial target species, but also reducing harmful impacts on bycatch species, such as seabirds, and marine mammals. FIG makes a significant annual investment in fisheries science and protection to achieve this aim. If you eat calamari in southern Europe there is about a 50% chance it is a Falklands squid!

CFL Hunter is the first ever Falklands registered fishing vessel to be built solely with Falklands capital investment. Launched in February 2017, the longliner was an historic milestone for the Falklands fishing industry and other companies have since followed suit.

The Falkland Islands is one of the last great wilderness destinations. Four-wheel vehicles are our mode of transport, and our little planes will take you to places abundant with penguins, albatross and petrels for you to discover and enjoy. At the end of each day, you can look forward to traditional, cosy Falkland Islands hospitality in the hotels, lodges and guesthouses scattered around the Islands.

Many cruise ships, from a number of companies, include the Falkland Islands as part of their austral summer itineraries. This is a great way to get a feel for the Islands as part of a South American or Antarctic adventure.

Much of the Falklands land mass is used for agriculture. Our main product is wool, with an EU-approved abattoir producing mutton and lamb for local and export markets, and beef for local markets.

The environment here produces exceptionally clean wool and the Falkland Islands have a very good reputation for these traits in our wool trading. The approximate annual wool production for the Falklands is 1,641,819kg of greasy wool, with an average weight of 3.85kg, and a fibre diameter range of 16.8-32.2µm. There are also a number of farms that have organic certification which is a step towards marketing these attributes internationally.

Responsible Wool Standards (RWS) – A voluntary farm assurance program that emphasises on providing buyers and consumers that our Falklands wool has been farmed and produced under internationally recognised guidelines that addresses animal welfare, land management and social responsibility. There are to date 43 Falklands farms part of the RWS.

The £1.30 stamp photo was taken at Mount Rosalie on West Falkland, part of Port Howard Farm. It was taken during a lamb marking day, when the ewes were being moved on after being separated from the lambs.

33p, 80p, £1.07, £1.30

  

Technical details:

Designer Bee Design

Photography 80p Julie Halliday

£1.07 Karen Minto

£1.30 Maria Forman

FDC Old Stanley FIMNT

FDC Stanley Genti Cena

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Stamp Size 42 x 28mm

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Sheet Layout 10

Release date 14 June, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012406   40th Anniversary of Liberation   Mint SetST012407   40th Anniversary of Liberation    CTO SetST012408    40th Anniversary of Liberation   FDC

 

70th Anniversary of the First Direct Airmail Flight

Due For Release 2nd June 2022

On Tuesday 2 June 2020, a Voyager aircraft flew return flights from RAF Brize Norton, England, to Mount Pleasant Airfield, the Falkland Islands, breaking the existing 30-year-old record on each journey, with the return journey to the UK of 6,948 miles taking a mere 13 hours and 22 minutes.

The flights were carried out non-stop, with no inflight refuelling - a far cry from the 1952 flight!

In 1952, the Falkland Islands Company commissioned Aquila Airways to conduct the first airmail survey and expedition flight – Aquila were already used to long-range flights in their small retinue of flying boats, having made their name during the Berlin Airlift.

 

 

The aircraft they chose for this epic journey was a Short Sunderland III, G-AGJN ‘Hudson’.

Originally built at the Short factory in Rochester, Hudson was built as a military bomber, but was one of the aircraft passed to BOAC as a civilianised ‘Hythe’ class aircraft, delivered on 24 November 1943. 

All BOAC Hythe class aircraft were named with the letter ‘H’, hence ‘Hudson’ in this case. When BOAC decided to cease operations of their Hythe ‘boats, the fledgling Aquila Airways snapped 13 of them up in October 1949 at a knockdown price of £10,000 each to greatly increase their existing fleet, and retained the individual aircraft ‘H’ names.

Usually, only the state airline would carry mail, using the title ‘RMA’ [Royal Mail Aircraft], however in this case, Aquila were allowed to retitle the aircraft, as an official air mail carrier, as the RMA Hudson.

Under the control of Captain Douglas Pearson and an experience crew, RMA Hudson set off from Southampton on 21 April 1952 on her epic journey of 7,563 miles, with stops at Lisbon, Madeira, Cape Verde, Natal, Rio de Janeiro and Montevideo, finally arriving in Port Stanley harbour on 28th April.

The crew rested up for a few days, then made the return journey to Southampton on 2 May, arriving on 8 May. All this was done in an aircraft with no pressurisation, no autopilot [hands-on flying!], for a total of 96 hours flying over 16,000 miles.

Sadly, RMA Hudson did not survive much longer, being damaged beyond repair after a scheduled flight to Madeira on 21 January 1953.

Although we congratulate the Voyager crew for their recent achievements, the original RMA Hudson crew must surely have most of our praise and admiration.

Text by Steve Alcock, Manager, Solent Sky Museum.

£1.30 RMA Hudson , £2.05 A33 Voyager

 

Technical details:

Designer Andrew Robinson

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Stamp Size 42 x 28mm

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Sheet Layout 10

Release date 2 June, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012403   70th Anniv 1st Direct Airmail   Mint SetST012404   70th Anniv 1st Direct Airmail   CTO SetST012405   70th Anniv 1st Direct Airmail   FDC

 

 

 Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

24th March 2022

On 6th February 2022 Her Majesty The Queen became the first British Monarch to celebrate a Platinum Jubilee, marking 70 years of service to the people of the United Kingdom, the Realms and the Commonwealth.

When she acceded to the throne she was just 25 years of age and enjoying a short break from royal duties with her husband of five years, Prince Philip. They were standing in for George VI, who was too ill to travel, on a long-planned international tour. Relaxing at the now famous Treetops Hotel, a game viewing lodge in Kenya, The Princess had spent the day filming elephants before retiring to her cabin high up in the trees.

 

 

As a fellow guest at Treetops later wrote in the visitors' log book. "For the first time in the history of the world, a young girl climbed into a tree one day a Princess and …… climbed down from the tree next day a Queen."

At the time, however, Elizabeth had no knowledge of the event that was to change her life. It fell to her husband, Prince Philip, to break the dreadful news of the death of her beloved father later in the day. The Queen immediately returned to the UK.

In 1952 The Queen assumed the role of Head of the Commonwealth from her late father, the first to hold the title. The Commonwealth was then an association of just 8 members. Today there are 53. Her Majesty has always attached considerable importance to this role and at the time of her accession said: ‘The Commonwealth bears no resemblance to the empires of the past. It is an entirely new conception built on the highest qualities of the spirit of man: friendship, loyalty, and the desire for freedom and peace. To that new conception of an equal partnership of nations and races I shall give myself heart and soul every day of my life.’ Indeed, her reign commenced with her longest ever Commonwealth tour, lasting from November 1953 to May 1954.

Since ascending to the throne, Her Majesty has gone on to reign longer than any other British Monarch in history, a title she has held since 2015. The previous record-holder, Queen Victoria – who died at age 81, had been monarch for nearly 64 years.

The Platinum Jubilee will be Elizabeth II's first Jubilee without her husband, Prince Philip, by her side. The Royal couple were married in November 1947 and had been inseparable for 73 years. The Duke of Edinburgh died on April 9, 2021.

The seven decades of her reign have seen extraordinary social and technological progress and The Queen has become a much respected and beloved figure around the world.

In her Platinum Jubilee message Her Majesty marked the anniversary by renewing the pledge that she gave in 1947, “that my life will always be devoted to your service”.

This unprecedented anniversary is celebrated on a special stamp series released by the Bahamas and the Overseas Territories of Ascension Island, the British Antarctic Territory, Falkland Islands, South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands and Tristan da Cunha.

£2 Queen Elizabeth II is photographed on October 10, 1957 wearing diamond and pearl earrings, necklace and diadem, on her shoulder is the sash of the order of the Garter. KEYSTONE Pictures/Zuma Press/PA Images

£2 Queen Elizabeth II photographed at Ascot Racecourse October 16, 2021. PA Images / Alamy

S/S Queen Elizabeth 11 is photographed at Buckingham Palace in April 1953 wearing a pale pink evening gown with the blue Ribbon and Star of the Garter. The diamond drop brooch at the top of the blue Ribbon is a family heirloom and has been worn by Queen Mary. Keystone Press / Alamy.

Technical details:

Design Bee Design

Printer Cartor

Process Stochastic lithography

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 per 2cms

Stamp size 38 x 30.6mm

Sheet layout 10

Souvenir Sheet size 55 x 90mm

Souvenir Sheet stamp 29 x 48mm

Souvenir Sheet Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms

Release date 24 March, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

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STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012376    Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II     Mint Set
ST012377    Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II     Mint S/S
ST012378    Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II     CTO Set
ST012379    Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II     CTO S/S
ST012380    Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II     FDC
ST012381    Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II     FDC S/S

 

Centenary of the Death of Sir Ernest Shackleton - January 2022

The British Antarctic Territory, Falkland Islands and South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands have joined together to commemorate the centenary of the death of the great polar explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922). Shackleton rose to fame in 1915 when his vessel, the Endurance, became trapped in pack ice and sank. Against all the odds, Shackleton succeeded in getting all his men back to safety, a tale of resolve and selfless leadership that is celebrated as one of the greatest stories of human endeavour.

Shackleton led three major expeditions during what is now known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. His first journey south was in 1901, on the Antarctic expedition ship Discovery. Led by British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott, Shackleton and Edward Wilson trekked towards the pursuit for the South Pole in extremely difficult conditions. They got closer to the Pole than anyone previously.

In 1908, Shackleton returned to the Antarctic as the leader of his own expedition, on the ship Nimrod. They made many important scientific and geographical discoveries and set a new record by getting even closer to the South Pole. He was knighted on his return to Britain. The race for the South Pole ended in 1911 with Amundsen’s conquest and in 1914 Shackleton made his third, now well-known expedition, with the ship Endurance.

In 1921, Shackleton returned to the sub-Antarctic on the Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition. More commonly known as the Quest expedition, it was to be Shackleton’s fourth and final expedition. Large crowds gathered as the ship, Quest, left St Katherine Docks in London on 17 September 1921, with a crew comprising eight shipmates from the famous Endurance Expedition, keen to return to southern waters.

After arriving at the quiet waters of King Edward Cove in South Georgia, Shackleton unexpectedly died in the early hours of the morning of the 5th January 1922.

His final diary entry reads:

‘A wonderful evening. In the darkening twilight I saw a lone star hover, gem-like above the bay.’

Shackleton was buried on the 5 of March at the whaling station, Grytviken, a ceremony attended by the managers of the five stations on South Georgia and a hundred whalers and seamen.

A hiatus followed the return of Quest, with no significant expeditions to the Antarctic for another seven years. The Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition is remembered for the untimely death of its leader but also the end of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.

South Georgia was a fitting location for the end of a heroic story. Shackleton’s sudden death created a dramatic, if premature, finale. His death caused an outpouring of grief throughout the world with a sense of loss that still resonates today. Many visitors

make the pilgrimage to South Georgia to visit the last resting place of Shackleton and toast “The Boss” .

The Quest ship doctor, Alexander Macklin recorded in his diary, ‘I think this is as the boss would have had it himself, standing lonely on an island far from civilization, surrounded by a stormy tempestuous sea, and in the vicinity of one of his greatest exploits.’

A century after his death his fame continues, yet his popularity is a relatively modern phenomenon. From the 1980s onwards various biographies and historic accounts of the polar expeditions saw Shackleton catapulted to stardom, something that was fleeting in his lifetime.

The events of the Endurance Expedition drew a new generation of followers seeking inspiration from the epic adventure and from Shackleton’s leadership style. Shackleton’s ability to overcome adversity, retain the loyalty of his men, and his extraordinary and ultimately successful efforts to rescue his Endurance crewmates still inspires people today.

The story of the Endurance Expedition has become legendary. His decision-making and guidance under pressure is celebrated in books, management courses, films, television and memorials today. A portrait of him by Reginald Grenville Eves hangs in the National Portrait Gallery, London. Statues and busts of Shackleton can be seen outside of the Royal Geographical Society, London, at Athy, his birthplace in Ireland, and in the Church at Grytviken, South Georgia where he died.

In his own lifetime Sir Ernest Shackleton had won world renown as an intrepid Antarctic explorer. One hundred years later, tales of the explorer still capture the imagination and the enduring qualities that made Shackleton such a revered figure in polar world history ensure his continued appeal. As Apsley Cherry-Garrard, of Scott’s last expedition, wrote shortly after Shackleton’s death:

‘If I am in a devil of a hole and want to get out of it give me Shackleton every time.’

Fittingly the Shackleton family’s motto reads ‘Fortitudine vincimus’. By endurance we conquer.

Text provided by Jayne Pierce, South Georgia Museum.

 

Technical Details

Design Andrew Robinson

Printer Cartor

Process Stochastic lithography

Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms

Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm

Sheet layout 10

Release date 5 January, 2022

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012337    100th Anniv death of Shackleton   Mint Set
ST012338    100th Anniv death of Shackleton     CTO Set
ST012339    100th Anniv death of Shackleton      FDC

 

 

First Call of RRS Sir David Attenborough - December 2021

This special souvenir sheet celebrates the arrival of the RRS Sir David Attenborough in the Falkland Islands.

Britain’s new polar ship has been registered on the British register of ships at Stanley, Falkland Islands. This continues the long tradition of registering British Antarctic Survey (BAS) ships and aircraft in the Falkland Islands, and underpins the ship’s role in delivering scientific excellence in the South-west Atlantic and Antarctic region. In her science and logistics missions, the RRS Sir David Attenborough will regularly visit the three Overseas Territories of the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and British Antarctic Territory.

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Commissioned by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and operated by BAS, the new polar ship will transform UK research in the polar regions. Its missions will be critical for understanding and making sense of our changing climate and will keep Britain at the forefront of world-leading research in Antarctica and the Arctic.

This £200m commitment represents the UK Government’s largest investment in polar science since the 1980s.

The RRS Sir David Attenborough is named after the British broadcaster and naturalist Sir David Frederick Attenborough. The ship was handed over to NERC and BAS by shipbuilder Cammell Laird on 27 November 2020 and is expected to commence polar operations in 2021. It will replace the RRS James Clark Ross, sold in August 2021, and the RRS Ernest Shackleton which was returned to its owners in 2019 after 20 years of polar duties for BAS.

Technical sea trials and scientific equipment testing began in October 2020. The RRS Sir David Attenborough is designed to support science in extreme environments and this multidisciplinary research platform will transform how ship-borne science is conducted in the polar regions, providing scientists and postgraduate trainees with state-of-the-art facilities to research the oceans, seafloor, ice and atmosphere.

Britain has been a world leader in polar exploration and research for over a century and studying these remote regions is crucial in helping us understand changes in our planet’s oceans, marine life and climate system.
Nigel Phillips CBE, Governor Falkland Islands and HM Commissioner South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands has said that “The connection between the British Antarctic Survey and the UK Overseas Territories in the South West Atlantic is mutually beneficial and the launch of the RRS Sir David Attenborough will continue that association long into the future. Science is key to evidence-based decision making and it must underpin how we protect our precious environment. The importance therefore of this incredible science platform cannot be understated. We look forward to welcoming the RRS Sir David

Attenborough to her home port of Stanley and further strengthening our relationship with the British Antarctic Survey.”

 

Technical features of the RRS Sir David Attenborough include:

• Length: 129 metres; beam: 24m; Gross Tonnage: 15,000

• Scientific cargo volume of approximately 900m³
• Endurance – up to 60 days
• Range 19,000 nautical miles at 13 knots (24 km/h) cruising speed; more than
enough for a return trip from England to Rothera Research Station, or to circle
the entire Antarctic continent twice!
• Ice breaking capability – up to 1m thick at 3 knots (5.6 km/h)
• Bow and stern thrusters for excellent dynamic positioning in challenging conditions
• Launch and recovery of aerial and ocean robotic systems
• Crew approx. 30
• Accommodation for up to 60 scientists and support staff

 

£3.00 

Technical details:
 
Designs Bee Design
Photographs British Antarctic Survey
Printer Cartor Security Printing
Process Lithography
Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms
Stamp size 48 x 29mm
Sheet size 110 x 74mm
Release date 11 December 2021
Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012331    RRS Sir David Attenborough  Mint Souvenir Sheet
ST012332    RRS Sir David Attenborough   CTO Souvenir Sheet
ST012333     RRS Sir David Attenborough  FDC Souvenir Sheet

 

 

Black - Browed Albatross - November 2021

Black-browed Albatross, Thalassarche melanophris

There are twenty two species of albatross worldwide; eighteen of those inhabit the Southern Hemisphere. The Black-browed is circumpolar in its breeding range of the Southern Ocean, but has its stronghold here in the Falkland Islands, where approximately 75% of the World’s population breed - a number totalling around half a million pairs. The remainder of the population can be found in similarly remote islands, such as Chile’s Diego Ramirez Island and the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia, for example.

 

 

Medium-sized albatrosses of the genus Thalassarche, like the Black-browed, are nicknamed “mollymawks” from the Dutch “mallemok” (mal – foolish, and mok – gull). Much superstition revolves around the albatross, but they are considered by sailors to be a good omen (albeit believed very bad luck to kill one) and legend has it that they carry the souls of lost sailors.

Albatrosses are entirely reliant on the ocean for their survival – they’re seabirds, and truly if they didn’t need to build a nest of mud and grass to lay and incubate their egg each season, no doubt they would never touch land! Black-browed albatross are mainly surface-feeding, scavenging birds with a diet consisting largely of fish and squid, with krill, cephalopods, crustaceans and other carrion taken at sea as well.

Breeding albatross make long and frequent trips to sea to search for prey, returning to the nest with their stomachs full of partially digested food and a nutritionally rich oil, which they regurgitate to feed their chicks at the nest.

They are masters of the wind, able to soar “dynamically”, which means they use the energy of the wind deflected by waves on the ocean to give them lift and therefore negating the need for them to flap their wings too often. They can soar for hundreds of miles like this if necessary, if conditions are right. Albatross tracked with GPS devices have been known to circumnavigate the globe with the prevailing winds at their backs!

The Black-browed, like all albatross species, is long-lived (sometimes up to 60 or 70 years!) and they are generally faithful to their partner, forming a life-long bond. They will breed once per year, returning to the Falkland Islands in September to begin the intricate courtship and bond-reaffirming performance, before laying one single egg in early October. They will take turns to incubate the egg until it hatches around mid-December and then, together, they will raise the chick until it’s ready to fledge in April or May. They have one of the longest egg-incubation periods of any bird.

Chicks and adults alike are faithful to their nest-site, and each adult pair will return to precisely the same nest each year, skilfully finding theirs amongst thousands of others in a colony. They use their bills to modify and add to the nest-dome with wet mud and grass, carefully moulding it as needed before the egg is laid. 

The chicks will return to the place they were hatched once they are old enough to breed (around 4 years of age) and here they will prospect for their own breeding spot. This is quite incredible when you think that the chick will leave its nest at around 5-months’ old and will spend the next few years at sea, quite possibly never touching land until its ready to breed for itself.

Of the twenty-two species of albatross, eighteen of them are significantly threatened, with ten either endangered or critically endangered. The main threats are from commercial fisheries and this is particularly true for the Black-browed. In the Falkland Islands, we have made very good progress in mitigating the threats caused by long-lining and trawling vessels (the birds are attracted to the bait on the hooks and frequently drown due to entanglement), but much unregulated fishery still exists on the high seas, where we cannot so readily help the albatross.

Their wide-ranging nature and opportunistic foraging habits make them particularly vulnerable to this threat. Continued conservation and research work by dedicated teams worldwide, and working directly with fishermen to provide solutions that benefit both bird and man, are steps in the right direction. So far, our local population of Black-browed albatross is relatively healthy and their numbers are on the increase.

“I am the albatross that waits for you at the end of the earth.

I am the forgotten soul of the dead sailors who crossed Cape Horn,

from all the seas of the world.

But they did not die in the furious waves;

Today they fly in my wings to eternity,

in the last trough of the Antarctic wind.”

Poem by Sara Vial, on an inscription at Cape Horn.

32p, 78p, £1.04, £1.26

 

Technical Details:-
Photographer & Designer Georgina Strange
FDC artist Tatiana de Mendonça Alves
Printer Cartor Security Printing
Process Stochastic Lithography
Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 per 2cms
Stamp size 38 x 30.6mm
Sheet layout 10
Release date 17 November, 2021
Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012295     Black - Browed Albatross      Mint Set
ST012296     Black - Browed Albatross      CTO Set
ST012297     Black - Browed Albatross       FDC

 

 

Tourism Incentive Recovery Programme - (TRIP Scheme) - October 2021

The Falkland Islands Government (FIG) provided various support schemes for 2020/21 due to be designed specifically to mitigate the effects of the global pandemic on the Falkland Island tourism businesses, operators and employees. This set of stamps celebrates the places visited and captured on TRIP scheme funded staycations in 2020/21 by residents.

The TRIP scheme was designed to boost the domestic tourism industry to help sustain revenues for tourism businesses during 2020/21, whilst having the additional benefit of helping people who live in the Falklands to enjoy the wonderful wildlife and scenery that the Islands have to offer.

With the absence of international tourism, the Government wanted to encourage tourism operators to stay commercially active in 2020/21. This has not only helped to sustain employment levels in the industry, but also to maintain operational capacity for subsequent seasons.

The Tourism Recovery Incentive Programme (TRIP) stimulated domestic tourism from 1 October 2020 until 31 May 2021 and was open to everyone ordinarily resident in the Falkland Islands, with each adult receiving a voucher of £500 and child (2-16 years old) £250.

Tourism is an increasingly important sector for the Falkland Islands, generating approximately £16 million in annual sales.

Following the success of the TRIP scheme 2020/21 the scheme will be extended for 2021/22 (1 October 2021 to 30 April 2022).

There were 174 photographs entered in the stamp competition with the 6 winning stamps being:

Adam Yould – 32p Cliff scenery on Sea Lion Island and 68p Southern Elephant Seal.

Chris Gilbert – 78p Flightless Steamer Duck and ducklings and £1.04 FIGAS (VP-FMC) plane with Sea Lion Island Lodge in the background.

Jesse Ross – £1.26 Magellanic Snipe.

Jody Aldridge – £1.35 The wreck of the Protector 2, New Island, taken from the North End and the Hut on New Island (On FDC).

 

Technical Details:-
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Designer Bee Design
Printer Cartor Security Printing
Process Stochastic Lithography
Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms
Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm
Sheet layout 10
Release date 22 October, 2021
Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS
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ST012289     Falkland TRIP Scheme      Mint Set
ST012290      Falkland TRIP Scheme     CTO Set
ST012291      Falkland TRIP Scheme     FDC

 

His Royal Highness Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh 1921 - 2021 - August 2021

His Royal Highness the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh twice visited the Falkland Islands, once in 1957 and once again in 1991.
 

The first came after he had opened the Olympic Games in Melbourne and travelled home aboard HM Yacht Britannia, visiting the Falklands 7 – 9th January. Britannia, accompanied by HMS Protector, anchored in Stanley Harbour while Prince Philip came ashore where he received a hearty welcome from the residents of Stanley and the inhabitants of the outlying settlements who had travelled by air, sea and horseback for the eagerly awaited day.

 
After reviewing a Guard of Honour and a short stop at Government House, he drove in the Governor’s London taxicab to the Town Hall where he replied to an Address of Welcome from the Legislative Assembly.
 
After a change of clothes HRH attended a race meeting specially organised for the occasion. Five races had been held over from the Christmas meeting. The highlight was the Sailor’s Race in which HRH took part and, to the joy of the crowd, took first place. Visits to the hospital and new infant’s school followed before he spent some time on the rifle range, where the Falkland Islands Rifle Association were engaged in a contest against a combined Royal Navy and Royal Marines team. The day’s activities were completed with an exhibition arranged by the Sheep Owners’ Association and the Guild of Spinners Weavers and Dyers, a tree planting ceremony and a visit to Christ Church Cathedral. That same evening HRH attended a Colony Ball and presented some of the major prizes won at the race meeting.

The following day a 70-minute flight was made over East Falklands in a FIGAS Beaver seaplane, with HRH at the controls for much of the time.

After a reception on board, The Duke sailed in the Royal Yacht for Fox Bay where, as in Stanley, a large crowd had gathered to welcome the prince who toured the settlement before sailing on to South Georgia. 

The visit was highly successful and enabled the inhabitants of a loyal Colony to welcome a member of the Royal Family for the first time since 1871. As he left he sent this message to the Governor: 

As I leave the Falkland Islands and the Dependencies I want you to know how much I have enjoyed the last ten days and the many interesting things I have seen in these Islands. Please thank the Falkland Islands Legislative Council for their very kind message of farewell on my departure and I would be most grateful if you would express my gratitude and appreciation to all the people who had a hand in making my visit such a pleasant and enjoyable experience, to all the people of the Falkland Islands for their welcome, the leaders and members of the FIDS bases and the whaling companies of South Georgia. I send you all my very best wishes for a happy and prosperous future. Philip

In 1991 HRH returned to a much-changed Falkland Islands and in a very contrasting style. This time he arrived at Mount Pleasant aboard BAE146 of the Queen’s Flight, where he was met by the Governor and Mrs Fullerton, Commander, British Forces (FI) and the Station

Commander. This visit was to last 7 days and afforded The Prince the opportunity to carry out a very full civil and military programme of visits and meetings. He was also able to include a fishing expedition at Chartres on West Falkland and wildlife viewing on Carcass and Pebble Islands as well as having the opportunity to meet residents in the Town Hall and out and about in town.

On 9 April 2021 the Falkland Islands Government issued the following statement; 

It is with deep sadness that the Falkland Islands Government has today learned of the death of His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. 

During his decades of public duty, the Falkland Islands was pleased to twice welcome the Duke of Edinburgh to our shores in 1957 and 1991. On both occasions, Islanders were struck by his genuine interest in our people, our home and our history.

 As Her Majesty The Queen’s consort of 73 years, his low-key and steadfast approach to his military career and to public service served to strengthen relations between nations around the world, providing stability and unity across almost a century of change and uncertainty. 

A patron of over 800 organisations, he was a strong advocate for the arts, science and sport. One of his most enduring legacies being the establishment of the Duke of Edinburgh’s Award Scheme, which is the world’s leading youth achievement award, helping hundreds of thousands of young people to participate in self-improvement programmes, including many in the Falkland Islands. 

As the first President of the World Wildlife Fund-UK, his support for environmental causes and the natural world was evident throughout his life. This was reflected in his poetic remarks on arriving into Stanley aboard the Royal Yacht Britannica: “It was a lovely, clear sunny day with a sparkling, vivid blue sea against black rocks, dark brown seaweed and almost white sandy beaches, with a background of gently rolling grass and heather covered hills.”

His Excellency the Governor, Nigel Phillips CBE, said: “All in the Falkland Islands would like to extend their sincere condolences to Her Majesty The Queen and the whole Royal Family on the passing of His Royal Highness, The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. The Duke dedicated himself to public service; his contribution has positively touched the lives of so many. Those of us who had the privilege to meet him recall his humour and keen interest. His loss is deeply felt across our Islands community and among the men and women of British Forces South Atlantic Islands.

MLA Mark Pollard, Chair of the Legislative Assembly, expressed: “On behalf of the people of the Falkland Islands, we wish to express our heartfelt sympathies for Her Majesty the Queen and the wider Royal family at this sorrowful time. We have a deep and lasting affection for the Duke of Edinburgh, who wholeheartedly engaged with our community – young and old – during his time in the Islands. Whether trout fishing in Chartres or taking part in our Boxing Day horse races, his enthusiasm for our traditions and way of life is something that has positively impacted on generations of Falkland Islanders and will never be forgotten.” 

In tribute to His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the Falkland Islands staged a 21-gun salute on 10 April at noon, followed by a short parade.

 

32p, 78p, £1.04, £1.26

 

Technical Details:-

Photographs Falkland Islands Museum and National Trust

Designer Bee Design

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Stochastic Lithography

Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms

Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm

Sheet layout 10

Release date 30 August, 2021

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012283  His Royal Highness Prince Philip,The Duke of Edinburgh 1921 - 2021 Mint Set
ST012284 His Royal Highness Prince Philip,The Duke of Edinburgh 1921 - 2021 CTO Set
ST012285 His Royal Highness Prince Philip,The Duke of Edinburgh 1921 - 2021 FDC   

 

The Paintings of Mike Peake Part 2 - Settlements- July 2021

Arthur Peake was born in Pontefract, Yorkshire. Carrying a suitcase in one hand and a guitar in the other he sailed from Britain to the Falklands in 1959, at the age of twenty, to work as an electronics technician at the Radio Space Research Station (RSRS). On the trip down to the Islands, a few of the passengers would gather in the bar each evening. The group had two people named Arthur, and Harry Rowlands decided there could not be two Arthurs. Turning to Arthur Peake he said, ‘You will have to be Mike.’ The name stuck for the rest of his life with Mike even naming his son Michael. He was also the father of Bernadette and Alison and a proud grandfather to Isaac, Cody and Louie.

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It wasn’t long after Mike arrived in the Islands that his musical talents were being appreciated by radio listeners. He later formed a small folk group called ‘The Satellites’ who recorded a series of programmes with their songs becoming popular among the locals. Mike also enjoyed football, darts and gave many memorable performances in the Amateur Dramatic Society productions.

From working at the RSRS, Mike then began to work at the European Space Research operation centre (ESRO) at the west end of Stanley. Mike worked there from 1967 to 1973, ending up as the Station Manager. In 1973, Mike began work as a Technician at the Post and Telecommunications Department of Government. He was given the task of installing the new AEL transceivers that replaced the old R/T sets and was proud to say that he had visited virtually every Falklands settlement while on this mission.

Because of Mike’s computer knowledge, when the Computer Section was established in 1986, he was appointed as the first Computer Coordinator. He continued to supervise upgrades and enhancements until his retirement in September 1999.

Mike was passionate about the Islands and within days of arriving he vowed to never live anywhere else. He had an exceptional artistic talent to match this passion. Painting with oils and varnish, Mike was sometimes able to produce breath-taking landscapes in just 30 minutes when something of interest caught his eye.

Following his retirement, Mike made many visits to Sea Lion and Carcass Island, capturing their mood and ruggedness in his paintings. Many of Mike’s paintings can still be found in the islands today whilst others have made their way around the world. Previously Mike designed the UPU Membership Centenary (1979) and the Bridges of the Falkland Islands (2000) stamp issues.

We acknowledge with thanks the help and assistance of Mensun Bound and Chris Andrews.

Stamps

27p - Port Howard

32p Stanley

68p Goose Green

78p Port Louis

£1.82 Egg Harbour

£1.96 Horseshoe Bay

 

Technical Details:- 

Paintings Mike Peake

Photography Chris Andrews Publications Ltd
Printer Cartor Security Printing
Process Lithography
Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms
Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm
Sheet layout 10
Release date 14 July, 2021
Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd
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STAMP ITEM NUMBERS
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ST012268     Mike Peake Part 2    Mint Set
ST012269     Mike Peake Part 2   CTO Set
ST012270     Mike Peake Part 2    FDC

 

 

95th Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II - April 2021

The Falkland Islands Post Office takes great pleasure in releasing a set of six stamps in celebration of The Queen’s 95th birthday.

The stamps will be released on Her Majesty’s actual birthday, 21 April. Each of the stamps depict key aspects of Her Majesty’s life, from a young Princess, to her Coronation and Marriage as well as managing to enjoy some Leisure time and Pageantry, out and about fulfilling her Royal Duties.

 

 

On her twenty-first birthday, 21 April 1947, Princess Elizabeth was with her parents and younger sister, Princess Margaret, on a tour of South Africa. In a speech broadcast on the radio from Cape Town, the Princess dedicated her life to the service of the Commonwealth. The theme of the stamp issue, “Devoted to your service”, is taken from that speech: “I declare before you all that my whole life whether it be long or short shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong.”

This special issue is a collaboration between 11 postal administrations which sees the three Crown Dependencies, Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man, join The Bahamas and seven UK Overseas Territories, Ascension Island, British Antarctic Territory, British Virgin Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands, and Tristan da Cunha to mark the birthday of the world’s longest reigning monarch.

Stamps

  • 32p Princess. Princess Elizabeth, daughter of The Duke and Duchess of York, pictured in ballet outfit (Photo by Bob Thomas/Popperfoto via Getty Images)
  • 49p Coronation. Queen Elizabeth on 2 June 1953, after her coronation ceremony in Westminster Abbey, the setting for every coronation since 1066. (Photo by PA Archive/PA Images).
  • 78p Marriage. Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh walk at Broadlands, Hampshire in 2007, the year of their diamond wedding anniversary. (Photo by Fiona HANSON/POOL/AFP via Getty Images).
  • £1.04 Leisure. Queen Elizabeth II can be seen holding a camera about to take a photograph, while attending the Royal Windsor Horse show in 1982. (Photo by Bob Thomas/Popperfoto via Getty Images).
  • £1.10 Pageantry. The Queen can be seen Saluting at Trooping The Colour (Photo by Tim Graham Photo Library via Getty Images).
  • £1.26 Royal Duty. Queen Elizabeth II departs after reopening the Sir Joseph Hotung Gallery at the British Museum on November 8, 2017 in London. (Photo by Max Mumby/Indigo/Getty Images).
  • The FDC features two images of Her Majesty; a contemporary picture of the Queen who is fondly known throughout the world and a beautiful portrait, circa 1929, of the young Princess Elizabeth before it was realised that she would be acceding to the throne. (Photos via Getty Images).


Technical details: 

Designer Bee Design
Printer Cartor Security Printing
Process Lithography
Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ¼ per 2cms
Stamp size 36 x 36mm
Sheet Layout 10
Release date 21 April, 2021
Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd
 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012253  FAL  Queen's 95th Birthday Mint
ST012254  FAL  Queen's 95th Birthday CTO
ST012255 FAL  Queen's 95th Birthday FDC

 

Christmas 2020 - November 2020

The Falkland Islands is a British Overseas Territory lying over 8,000 miles away from the UK in the South Atlantic. It has a population of a little over 3,400 people on a number of islands comprising about 4,700 square miles. This means that the returning students studying in the UK have an eighteen-hour flight to anticipate the excitement of spending Christmas at home with their families and friends.
Christmas in the Falklands is a celebration, a holiday, a time to gather family together as it is around the world. Being in the Southern Hemisphere means that at Christmastime it is daylight until 10pm so young children would be loaded into the family car in their pyjamas just before bedtime to drive around Stanley, the main area of population in the islands, to see houses around the town lit with colourful Christmas lights and decorations.
 
 
In recent years there has been a new tradition of a Christmas Tree Festival and Christmas Challenge Concert which is supported by many local community groups who sponsor and decorate a tree to raise money for charity in the blacked-out Parish Hall. The same groups are challenged to sing a Christmas song in the challenge concert in the Town Hall with hilarious results such as the fire service in full breathing apparatus singing ‘Frosty the Snowman’. 

 

A community Christmas Tree is erected on Whalebone Arch Green, next to Christ Church Cathedral on the waterfront and on Christmas Eve the community come together to sing carols under the Whalebone Arch. The following morning a Christmas Day service is held in Christ Church Cathedral which is the southernmost cathedral in the world.

 

Christmas is a time for feasting and celebration, with the main Christmas meal of local Falkland Islanders lamb rather than turkey. Many families also celebrate with barbeques gathering together with their extended family and friends. This is especially true in Camp, the areas outside the main populace of Stanley, where a third of the population live in quite often isolated settlements and farms and the holiday is an opportunity for them to gather together.
 
 
On Boxing Day, a sporting tradition which goes back over a hundred years is the Boxing Day Races held on the Stanley Racecourse, the highlight of which is the hotly contested Governor’s Cup.
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Many visitors would usually visit the islands over the summer months on cruise ships or on extended holidays to see the amazing scenery and wildlife of penguins, seals, orcas, dolphins and endemic bird species and often cruise ships arrive over Christmas week.
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This year COVID will dramatically reduce the number of visitors to the islands leaving those who normally are involved in the tourist industry the happy prospect of visiting the wildlife and outer islands to enjoy the beautiful country they call home.
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Text by Nancy Locke 

With many thanks to all of the children for their wonderful drawings showing different aspects of our Falkland Islands’ Christmas. Many of the drawings worked especially well as stamp and First Day Cover designs, but only five designs could be chosen. This was not an easy task for the judges as all of the entries were so very special and imaginative.
 
Technical Details:
Designer Bee Design
Illustrations 32p Rylee Molkenbuhr, age 5
78p Tessa Blake, age 8
£1.04 Laura Blake, age 13
£1.26 Neve Stanworth, age 14
FDC Renata Valeria Borquez Leiva, age 9
Printer Cartor Security Printing
Process Lithography
Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2 cms
Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm
Sheet layout 10
Release date 20 November, 2020
Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd
 
STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012217 Christmas 2020 Mint Set
ST012218 Christmas 2020 CTO Set
ST012219 Christmas 2020 FDC

 

 

Falkland Islands Mine Clearance Programme - November 2020

 
At the end of hostilities in 1982 British Forces made considerable efforts to locate and clear mines and booby traps. Unfortunately, the efforts were very costly. Three soldiers suffered serious injury within the first three weeks of clearance and two others were injured in 1983. Following this, the UK government decided to stop clearance and fence off all suspect areas until such time as technology and processes had evolved that would reduce risk. 151 areas were identified as hazardous, which initial work then reduced to 122. Argentina estimated that several thousand anti-personnel mines (AP) and anti-vehicle (AV) mines had been laid. From 1982 to 2009 some mines were destroyed in minefields by the UK military’s Joint Service Explosive Ordnance Disposal Detachment using remote controlled equipment.

 

 
Mine clearance was completed in October 2020. The clearance teams, with their Zimbabwean deminers, have destroyed over 10,000 AP mines and 1,700 AV mines along with 22 cluster bomb submunitions and over 370 booby traps and assorted items of unexploded ordnance (excluding small arms ammunition). This has resulted in the release of over 23,000,000m2 (2,338 hectares) of safe ground back to the community that had been prohibited from using many beaches and areas close to the capital, Stanley, and the main populated settlements.
 
In 1997 the United Kingdom, alongside 121 other nations, signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, also known as the Ottawa Convention, which prohibits the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines and commits signatories to removing such mines from territories over which they have jurisdiction or control. To that end the United Kingdom restarted clearance work in 2009 selecting SafeLane Global Ltd (previously known as BACTEC Ltd) to carry out the clearance work and Fenix Insight Ltd to provide the Demining Programme Office, responsible for monitoring the progress, quality, safety and environmental aspects of the work.
How do they do it?
 
The mines were laid in standard patterns using mine laying ‘strings’ to create irregularly spaced positions of 8 mines as a row. In most minefields three strings/rows were laid parallel to each other forming a ‘panel’; multiple panels form the minefield. The documents handed over in 1982 by Argentine troops record the detail within each minefield and have proved to be credible records of the layout of panels. Unfortunately, only about 70% of the minefields had such records. Using the records and any other information available a plan specific to that area was developed. Clearance ‘lanes’ were then cut into the minefield from the outer fence.
 
The deminers used a number of techniques depending upon the type of mine, the terrain and the expected layout of the minefield. The most effective and efficient clearance method in the Falkland Islands was for the mines to be dug out by a combination of machines preparing the ground and human deminers following up, finding and excavating the mines. Most of the mines are described as minimum metal mines and can only be located at a few centimetres’ depth by the most sophisticated detectors available. To achieve the minimum required clearance depth of 20cm a combination of metal detection and manual excavation methods were used.
 
Once rows were encountered, the mine patterns could be worked out and the mines found and destroyed. Where there was no record, a technical survey technique was used to find the panels. Clearing landmines is a slow and demanding process in normal circumstances, but in the Falkland
Islands additional factors made the task even harder: the weather is often challenging with high winds, heavy rain, sleet and snow which, combined with thick, fibrous peat and heavy vegetation, make for waterlogged ground that can be extremely difficult to cut through. Mines near beaches represented a particular challenge with blown sand being deposited as sand dunes: in Yorke Bay some mines were recovered over 15m below the surface.
 
32p Recovered Mines: A stockpile of mines retrieved from deep under the blown sand of Yorke Bay. Mines recovered must be disposed of by either incineration or demolition. Mines that cannot be defused or are considered too dangerous to transport are grouped together and destroyed in controlled explosions.
 
49p Manual Deming: Most of the mines were dug out by hand. This image from 2009 shows a deminer in the first minefield to be worked on at Surf Bay. Coloured pickets and string are used to mark the boundary between safe and hazardous areas. The orange protective body armour and ballistic visor are the deminer’s last lines of defence should an unexpected detonation occur while working.
 
£1.10 Penguin Watchers: Some minefields were either occupied or traversed by penguins. As part of technical risk assessments, it was confirmed that no local penguin was heavy enough to initiate a mine. A comprehensive environmental assessment identified appropriate periods when demining would have the least impact on wildlife. Special care was taken to ensure that no penguins were harmed during any mine clearance.
 
£1.96 Mechanical Demining: The minefields laid in the area known as Yorke Bay were covered by very thick layers of blown sand. Overlying sand dunes were up to 15m deep and had to be removed in order to allow access to the mines. The recovery of mines in this instance required the careful use of machinery to sift the sand using a system through which a mine cannot pass without being detected and recovered.
 
Text: Guy Marot, Demining Programme Office 2009-2020.
 
Many Falkland Islanders have grown up without being able to access many areas of farmland, beaches and coastal areas due to the presence of dangerous minefields. Below is a selection of quotes from those that can now celebrate having these areas reopened.
 
Sue Luxton: “Walking on Yorke Bay again used to be an impossible dream. Doing it after the Demining Programme finally liberated the dunes from Argentine landmines was a moment I’ll remember forever.”
 
Rosie King: “Awe inspiring. An underfoot experience I’d dreamed of and hugely grateful that it was realised in my lifetime”
 
Nicky Jonson: “Every minefield cleared is another opportunity for exploring and enjoying our freedom”
 
Technical Details:
f

Designer Bee Design

Photography 32p John Hare, SafeLane Global Ltd, 2015-2020

All other images Guy Marot, Demining Programme

Office 2009 - 2020

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Stamp size 42 x 28mm

Sheet layout 10

Release date 14 November, 2020

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd


STAMP ITEM NUMBERS
h
ST012214 Demining Mint Set
ST012215 Demining CTO Set
ST012216 Demining FDC

 

 

The Paintings of Mike Peake Part 1 - Birds - October 2020

1939 - 15th September 2005 

Arthur Peake was born in Pontefract, Yorkshire. Carrying a suitcase in one hand and a guitar in the other he sailed from Britain to the Falklands in 1959, at the age of twenty, to work as an electronics technician at the Radio Space Research Station (RSRS). On the trip down to the Islands, a few of the passengers would gather in the bar each evening. The group had two people named Arthur, and Harry Rowlands decided there could not be two Arthurs. Turning to Arthur Peake he said, ‘You will have to be Mike.’ The name stuck for the rest of his life with Mike even naming his son Michael. He was also the father of Bernadette and Alison and a proud grandfather to Isaac, Cody and Louie. 
 
 
It wasn’t long after Mike arrived in the Islands that his musical talents were being appreciated by radio listeners. He later formed a small folk group called ‘The Satellites’ who recorded a series of programmes with their songs becoming popular among the locals. Mike also enjoyed football, darts and gave many memorable performances in the Amateur Dramatic Society productions. 
From working at the RSRS, Mike then began to work at the European Space Research operation centre (ESRO) at the west end of Stanley. Mike worked there from 1967 to 1973, ending up as the Station Manager. In 1973, Mike began work as a Technician at the Post and Telecommunications Department of Government. He was given the task of installing the new AEL transceivers that replaced the old R/T sets and was proud to say that he had visited virtually every Falklands settlement while on this mission. 
Because of Mike’s computer knowledge, when the Computer Section was established in 1986, he was appointed as the first Computer Coordinator. He continued to supervise upgrades and enhancements until his retirement in September 1999.
Mike was passionate about the Islands and within days of arriving he vowed to never live anywhere else. He had an exceptional artistic talent to match this passion. Painting with oils and varnish, Mike was sometimes able to produce breath-taking landscapes in just 30 minutes when something of interest caught his eye.
Following his retirement, Mike made many visits to Sea Lion and Carcass Island, capturing their mood and ruggedness in his paintings. Many of Mike’s paintings can still be found in the islands today whilst others have made their way around the world. Previously Mike designed the UPU Membership Centenary (1979) and the Bridges of the Falkland Islands (2000) stamp issues.
We acknowledge with thanks the help and assistance of Mensun Bound and Chris Andrews.
 
Stamps
Black-necked Swan 32p
Black-crowned Night Heron 49p
Upland Goose 78p
Belcher’s Gull £1.04
Variable Hawk £1.26
Upland Goose £1.35

 

Technical Details:

Paintings Mike Peake

Photography Chris Andrews Publications Ltd

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms

Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm

Sheet layout 10

Release date 1 October, 2020

Production Co-ordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012194     Mike Peake Part I    Mint Set
ST012195     Mike Peake Part I   CTO Set
ST012196     Mike Peake Part I    FDC

  

50th Anniversary of the Falkland Islands Philatelic Study Group - September 2020

The Falkland Islands have issued many iconic stamps, notably the Queen Victoria high values in 1898, and the Centenary set of 1933. Yet, in the old days, most collectors relied on just the Stanley Gibbons stamp catalogue and the 1950's book on Falkland Islands stamps by B.S.H. Grant to help organising their collections. There was a need for a specialist society to research the stamps and postal history, and assist interested collectors. 

 

 

So, in 1970 the Falkland Islands Philatelic Study Group (FIPSG) was founded following a meeting of some 50 collectors gathered together by Malcolm Barton. A one-page newsletter was produced and the first formal meeting was held in London on 26th September 1970, and its first committee was elected. 

By September 1971 the newsletter had expanded and developed into a regular quarterly journal, "The Upland Goose". This is distributed to all members and to leading philatelic libraries. The publication has been awarded medals at many international philatelic exhibitions. Membership grew rapidly, reaching more than 200 in 1975, and the Group now has more than 350 members worldwide. The Group is truly international in its membership structure.

The object of the Study Group is to research into all aspects of philately connected with the Falkland Islands, the former Dependencies, South Georgia and the British Antarctic Territory, leading to the publication of findings. Research is carried out by individuals or groups of members, collated through a nominated leader for each subject.

The Study Group Weekend meeting takes place annually, normally in March, during which an Annual General Meeting is held. Meetings are also held on a regular basis regionally throughout the UK, and meetings have been held in other countries as well, including the USA, Australia, South Africa, Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Falkland Islands.

The group is in the forefront of specialist philatelic societies and has belonged to the national Association of British Philatelic Societies since its inception, and actively participates in its activities. To commemorate its Silver Jubilee in 1995, the Group was honoured by the Royal Philatelic Society of London by an invitation to display material of the Falkland Islands. The display of 52 frames took place in January 1995 and was outstandingly successful. The Group has now received an invitation from the current President to present a Golden Jubilee display of Falkland Islands philately at the new headquarters of the “Royal” at Abchurch Lane, London, opened in November 2019 by Her Majesty the Queen.

More information about the Study Group can be found on its website: www.fipsg.org.uk 

 

Stamp designs:

32p Stanley Post Office & Philatelic Bureau - many Study Group members buy stamps from the Philatelic Bureau and have visited the Post Office while in the Falkland Islands. The Post Office also provides information on the postmarks and cachets used, and the postal rates employed. The 1898 Queen Victoria 2/6d and 5/- stamps (the 5/- is illustrated here) were once voted as the most beautiful stamp designs in the world.

78p Jane Cameron National Archives - many Study Group members have used the research facilities at the Archives either by visiting or using the extensive online facilities. Information is held on stamp designs and proofs, correspondence between the Falkland Islands and Crown Agents, numbers of stamps orderedand destroyed, and shipping records. These provide vital information for specialist collectors. The iconic 5/- King Penguin stamp from the 1933 Centenary set is illustrated here.

£1.04 Publications - the Study Group magazine Upland Goose is published four times a year showing the latest research and news about Falkland Islands philately. In addition, a colour supplement of the annual Weekend meeting of the Study Group in the UK is produced. Some twenty monographs on specialist aspects of Falkland Islands collecting have also been published over the years, and these are distributed free to members. The 5/- King George VI definitive stamp was in use between 1938 and 1952.

£1.26 Collecting - there are more than 350 specialist Study Group members worldwide, and many more interested Falkland Islands stamp collectors. A catalogue of Falkland Islands, South Georgia and BAT stamps is regularly published by Stefan Falkland Heijtz FRPSL. This also includes many other aspects of Falklands philately, including varieties, postmarks, and specialist subjects such as whaling mail, air mail and the 1982 Falklands War. The stamp also depicts the precursor to Falkland Islands stamps, the 1869 Black Frank and one of the most famous stamp errors, the 1964 Battle of the Falklands 6d. with the incorrect ship in the centre, HMS Glasgow rather than HMS Kent.

FDC. The First Day Cover shows the Historic Dockyard Museum in Stanley and the National Stamp Collection. This collection is on display in the Museum - it was put together mostly by members of the Study Group and donated to the Museum in 2010. The page illustrated shows the 1933 Centenary set and a picture of Nutt Cartmell and his grave in Goose Green. Nutt was probably the most well-known local stamps collector in modern times, and the National Stamp Collection was created in his honour.

Text by Stefan Falkland Heijtz and Kim Stuckey. 

 

Technical Details:

Photography

Stanley Post Office Nick Bonner

The National Archives Tansy Bishop

Historic Dockyard Museum (FDC) FI Museum & National Trust

Stamps & other images Stefan Heijtz

Designer Bee Design

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Stamp size 42 x 28

Sheet layout 10

Release date 7 September, 2020

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012185  FIPSG 50  Mint Set
ST012186  FIPSG 50 CTO Set
ST012187  FIPSG 50  FDC

 

Penguins - August 2020

This set of Falkland Islands stamps features the five species of penguin that breed in the Falkland Islands: Macaroni Penguin, Gentoo Penguin, King Penguin, Magellanic Penguin and Southern Rockhopper Penguin.

The images of the penguins in their natural environment are paired with a matching circulation coin featuring a close up of the head of each of these beautiful seabirds.

 

 

A set of five 50p coins of different penguins was approved in 2018 by the Executive Council of Falkland Islands Government, following the recommendation of the Commissioners of Currency, in accordance with the Currency Ordinance 1987. The Coins (Circulation) Order 2018 provides the full technical description of the coins

(https://www.legislation.gov.fk/view/html/inforce/2020-05-29/fisl-2018-8). Pobjoy Mint of Surrey, England is the mint that is contracted by the Falkland Islands Government to supply the coinage that the Falkland Islands requires (https://www.pobjoy.com/governments).

An order of some 125,000 circulation coins (25,000 of each penguin) dated 2018 was minted by Pobjoy Mint and then securely shipped to the Falkland Islands by MV Hartland Point, from Southampton to Mare Harbour. Upon arrival in the Falkland Islands, the wooden crates of the new coins were then delivered to The Treasury in Stanley and held in the Main Vault until required.

The Falkland Islands has issued its own coins since 1974, and this has been recognised on a previous issue of Falkland Islands postage stamps. The obverse of the 2018 penguin circulation coins features Pobjoy Mint's effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

The Currency Ordinance 1987

(https://www.legislation.gov.fk/view/html/inforce/2020-05-29/fiord-1987-14) provides the legal basis for the issue of currency by Falkland Islands Government, including parity with Sterling and the establishment of a Currency Fund.

The 2018 penguin coins are in circulation in the Falkland Islands, along with other denominations of coins: 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20, £1 and £2, as well as bank notes in £5, £10, £20 and £50 denominations. Standard Chartered UK has a branch in the Falkland Islands, and it is to Standard Chartered Bank on Ross Road in Stanley that The Treasury issues currency for use by local retail and other businesses, residents and visitors.

In 2020 a successful partnership came into being. Mastercard, Square (a card payment provider for small businesses), Gibraltar International Bank and Standard Chartered Bank (who are able to issue locally resident account holders with debit cards) were able to ensure that the majority of retail and tourism-based businesses in Stanley now accept payment cards and contactless payment. The Falkland Islands are fully connected into international card payment networks, an advantage for residents and the many visitors.

However, the continued availability of circulation currency that is used in the Falkland Islands acts as a real reminder of economic activity in this British Overseas Territory. 

The Treasury in Stanley does not sell coins direct, however Falklands Post Service has a website https://www.falklandstamps.com/penguin-50p-coin-set-2018.ir and Falklands Collectibles supplies a full range of Falkland Islands coins and bank notes https://www.falklandcollectibles.com

An updated catalogue that will include details of all Falkland Islands coins since 1974 is planned for issue in 2020 by Nova Stamps http://www.novastamps.com/stefan/Sidor/specFI.html

 

32p - Rockhopper 68p - King 78p - Magellanic £1.04 - Gentoo £1.26 - Macaroni

 

Technical Details:

Coin Images Pobjoy Mint

Designer Andrew Robinson

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Stamp size 42 x 28

Sheet layout 10

Release date 10 August, 2020

Production Coordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012182 Penguin/Coin Mint Set
ST012183 Penguin/Coin CTO Set
ST012184 Penguin/Coin FDC

 

Falkland Islands Wrecks Part IV - March 2020 

The extraordinary voyages of 16th century seafarers transformed history. Newly-developed deep-water sailing ships, equipped with the mariner’s compass, enabled Europeans to venture beyond the horizon and scour the oceans for new land, dreams and gold. During one such voyage in 1592, to the Magellan Straits, the little recognized but most accomplished navigator, John Davis, in his ship Desire, was storm-blown under bare poles amongst these apparently unknown and unpeopled islands. But it is likely that the archipelago had been quietly known about for years by the major sea powers. On maps published from 1507 onwards, an ill-defined cluster of blobs appear, vaguely positioned, near the eastern end of the Magellan Strait. Amerigo Vespucci may well have seen them from the deck of a Portuguese ship as early as 1502.

The 700 islands, islets, rocks and reefs which comprise the Falklands are situated some 315 nautical miles down-wind and down-stream from Cape Horn. Battered by frequent gales and surrounded by strong currents, the Islands have always provided both peril and sanctuary for the seafarer. Over 180 ships are known to have met their end in the wild seas which surround the Falklands. Without doubt there will have been others which sank without trace.

 

 

During the 1850’s there was a sudden upsurge in sea-borne traffic around Cape Horn. Vessels trading in Californian and Australian gold, Chilean copper and Peruvian guano began calling into Stanley for repair and provisions. The nearest alternative port was Montevideo, a thousand miles to the north. Some ships attempting to round the Horn were overloaded, some unseaworthy, and others simply unlucky. Many suffered severe battering and, riding the prevailing westerlies, limped back into harbour to lick their wounds. A few lame ducks never recovered. Others were deliberately wrecked and their cargoes sold by unscrupulous dealers. The growing port gained a notorious reputation and a flock of worn-out windjammers. Several are still stuck in the Stanley Harbour mud. But time and tide and two pernicious sea worms, the teredo and the gribble, have hastened their demise. In many cases their crumbling woodwork has all but disappeared.

This issue, the fourth in the Shipwrecks series, depicts some of those vessels which finished their days beached along the Falklands’ shorelines. They remain an integral part of the Islands’ history and a reminder of the salty folk who sailed in them. 

32p Samson

The 94’ tugboat, Samson, built in Hull in 1888, was brought down in 1900 by the Falkland Islands Company in the aftermath of the City of Philadelphia disaster. Her value was shown on Christmas Eve 1910 when the Samson towed the iron ship Wavertree into Stanley after she had been dismasted off Cape Horn. In November 1912, the PSNC liner

Oravia struck the Billy Rock near the entrance to Port William. At night and in heavy seas, Captain Thomas took the Samson alongside the stricken vessel, disembarking 150 passengers to safety. In 1924, the ageing tug was converted and she finished her working life as a lighter. During a heavy gale in 1945, the Samson broke her moorings and came ashore on the beach close to the north-east corner of Stanley Harbour.

78p St. Mary

In the fall of 1889 veteran shipbuilder, Charles V Minott, laid the keel of an unusually large vessel in Phippsburg, Maine. 241’ long and with a registered tonnage of 1942, St Mary was to be one of the last-built, finest constructed, and shortest lived of all the great “Downeasters”. She was launched just before noon on Thursday, 20th March 1890. Under command of Captain Carver, St Mary departed Manhattan, bound for San Francisco by way of Cape Horn. 67 days out and making good speed, she was about 130 miles west of Islas Diego Ramirez. It was a quiet moonlit night, at 1.13am on 7th August, when she collided with the 176’ steel-hulled Magellan. The Magellan foundered almost immediately with all hands, while the badly damaged St Mary limped downwind for Port Stanley. Three days later, just a few miles shy of the port, St Mary struck the Pinnacle Rock. The distressed Captain refused to leave his ship and later died on board. The cause of his death was never confirmed. The crew took to the lifeboat without him and made for the nearby farm at Fitzroy. Two weeks later the wreck split in two with one half washing ashore at Whale Point, near Fitzroy. The oaken bones of the St Mary remain today, like a stranded leviathan, where she washed ashore just five months after her triumphant launch. 

£1.04 Weddell

The Weddell was a carvel-built schooner, constructed of Sandy Point timber in 1940 by Cia Doberti in Punta Arenas, Chile. She had a registered tonnage of 23.6 and was 44’7“ long. On February 1 1941, captained by Bill Radcliffe, she was registered in Stanley under “John Hamilton Ltd” and thence sailed to Weddell Island where Chris Bundes took over in charge. She was used mainly to transport sheep and wool around those islands which made up the Weddell Island group. At first, the Weddell had no engine and worked entirely under sail. In 1947 Duncan McRae took over as Captain and three years later, she was taken to Stanley to have her first engine installed. In 1976, after 35 years as the Weddell Island Farm boat, Bob Ferguson sailed her to Stanley where she was sold and gradually fell into disrepair. In June 1994, the Weddell was transported down to the Stanley’s Canache where she now lies beached above the tide line near Boxer Bridge.

£1.26 Garland

A three-masted, 599 tonne steel barque built in Liverpool in 1865, Garland put into Stanley on 6th March 1900, under command of Captain H Meyer, together with a crew of 16, while on passage from Hamburg to Talcahuano, Chile. Spillage from jars of acid amongst the cargo had caused extensive damage to her bottom plates and she was subsequently condemned. In September 1910 Garland was towed by the tug Samson to Darwin Harbour in connection with the canning plant. By 1912 she was being used at Goose Green to store coal from the Gaito. In October 1919 her owners, the Falkland Islands Company, reported that she had become useless as a hulk. Three years later she broke her moorings and came to rest, where she lies today, on the eastern shore of Darwin Harbour across the water from Goose Green. In October 1966 divers discovered the figurehead which had long since fallen off and lay covered in silt. It was brought to Stanley and restored by the then Museum Curator, John Smith. Today the Garland’s figurehead is proudly on display in Stanley’s Dockyard Museum. It depicts a young woman dressed in white and holding a garland of golden flowers. Unfortunately the head is missing.

 

Text by Tony Chater with special thanks to Tansy Bishop, National Archivist at the Jane Cameron National Archives.

  

Technical Details:

Photography Tony Chater

Printer Cartor Security Printing

Process Lithography

Perforation 13 x 13 ¼ per 2cms

Stamp size 30.6 x 38mm

Sheet layout 10

Release date 16 March, 2020

Production Co-ordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

 

STAMP ITEM NUMBERS

ST012162  Wrecks Part 4 Mint Set
ST012163  Wrecks Part 4 CTO Set
ST012164  Wrecks Part 4 FDC

 

 

PREVIOUS RELEASES IN STOCK

Small Birds Definitive

Small Bird s Definitive Local Rate Booklet 2019

Feathers

Wrecks Part 3

75th Anniversary of D-Day

Falkland Islands Support Charities

Land Rovers